Weakness or numbness in the arm or leg on one side of the body and deformity on the face (especially in the corner of the mouth) are signs of a stroke. In this case, it should be considered that the patient may be experiencing a stroke, and the hospital should be seen as quickly as possible by a neurologist, and even shorten the time by calling an ambulance if possible. Rapid medical intervention to the patient who has had a stroke is vital. Because brain vascular diseases are the disease group that causes the most loss of function in the world, affects the quality of life the most and is the second cause of death.
Quick access to treatment while having a stroke, rehabilitation after stroke and improvement of social life are important for the patient’s health and quality of life.
The purpose of rehabilitation in stroke (stroke) disease; to achieve the maximum level of independence that a person can achieve physically, psychologically, socially and professionally, and to improve one’s quality of life. Functional recovery is aimed in stroke rehabilitation. It is planned to activate the muscles with weak muscle strength due to paralysis, strengthen the feedback, inhibition of the muscles not in the coordinated pattern, and to improve the performance in the coordinated pattern. In addition to the classical rehabilitation approach, primitive reflexes, spasticity inhibition, and high-level control are aimed in neurodevelopmental programs. EMG biofeedback applications enable the use of therapeutic exercises to show, measure and control the physiological events that the patient normally cannot feel, enabling conventional exercises to be performed more efficiently and for the purpose. In physical therapy and rehabilitation applications, it is used in many subjects such as motor development, balance and coordination training, walking training, spasticity reduction, general relaxation and treatment of bladder and bowel dysfunction.
With EMG-Biofeedback, the myoelectric signals received from the patient’s relevant muscles are converted into visual and auditory signals and reported back to the patient. In this way, an artificial proprioception is created by ensuring that the patient is aware of the motor unit activity. With this artificial proprioception, the patient is enabled to activate the paresic muscle, trying to relax the spastic muscle and regain functional movement patterns. Thus, the paralyzed patient becomes the most functional and has the potential for closest movement and walking with nature.
It has been proved that it is as effective as drug treatments that enlightenment of stroke patients about lifestyle changes that will reduce risk factors, and that all organs of the society prepare and maintain the appropriate environment. Starting from schools, it is important to acquire the right eating habits that contain enough fruits and vegetables, to inform smoking and alcohol use, to provide activities and environments to increase physical activity, hypertension, diabetes, regular control and proper treatment of heart diseases, strategies to prevent obesity are important. .
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